2014年，美国有线电视新闻网（CNN）曾公布“Top 10”世界十大最爱喝酒的国家（heaviest drinking nations）排名。根据这项排名，中国位于世界第二。看看中国的酒文化，如夏朝的“杜康造秫酒”、商代的“酒色文化”、周代的“酒祭文化”和“酒仪文化”、秦汉年间的“酒政文化”、三国时期的劝酒之风、魏晋南北朝时期的“酒财文化”、唐代的“酒章文化”和“酒催诗兴”、明清两代的“酒域文化”，还有诸多酒礼和酒俗，如元旦饮椒柏酒、正月十五饮填仓酒、端午饮菖蒲酒、中秋饮桂花酒、重阳饮菊花酒，足可成为民俗研究的一部分。
1．“饮料名”之意：① alcoholic drink ② wine ③ spirit(s) ④liquor
例1：美～佳人 fine wine and beautiful women
例2：花间一壶～，独酌无相亲。 Holding a pot of wine among the flowers, I drink it all by myself.
例3：～被认为既是生活中所有问题的原因，又是解决办法。 Alcohol is considered to be both the cause of, and solution to all of life’s problems.
例4：劝君更尽一杯～，西出阳关无故人。 I now urge you to drink up this cup of wine; no friend out beyond West Yangguan will dine and wine you.
2．“饮酒”之意：① to drink wine ② to have a drink
例：文王诰教小子有正有事，无彝～。 King Wen admonished and instructed the young nobles charged with office or in any employment that they should not ordinarily consume alcohol.
3．“酒筵”之意：① a feast ② a banquet ③ a treat
例1：办一桌～多少钱？ How much does a feast cost?
例2：几时办婚礼～？ When is a wedding feast arranged to take place?
1．白酒 ① spirit(s) ② liquor
例1：～红人面，黄金黑世心。 Just as colourless liquor reddens people’s faces, so yellow gold blackens their hearts.
例2：中国人爱喝～，醉了就喝醒酒汤。 Chinese people, who are crazy about alcohol, sober themselves by eating de-intoxicating soup.
2．红酒 red wine
例：品～ sample red wine
3．黄酒 ① yellow rice wine ② yellow millet wine ③ Shaoxing wine
例：约在三千多年前，中国人就开始大规模酿制～。 Chinese people began to mass-brew yellow rice wine approximately more than 3,000 years ago.
4．米酒 rice wine
例：酿糯～ brew glutinous rice wine
5．葡萄酒 grape wine
例：醇香的～ full-bodied wine
6．烧酒 white liquor
例：～类 high-proof liquors
7．药酒 ① medicated wine ② medicinal liquor
例：调制～ concoct medicated liquor
1．酒店 ① a wineshop ② a pub ③ a hotel ④ an inn ⑤ a restaurant
例：～式公寓 a serviced apartment
2．酒色 ① wine and women ② sensual pleasure ③ flushed complexion after drinking④drunkenness ⑤drunken state ⑥colour of wine
例1：纵情～ ① to indulge oneself in sex and alcohol ②to lead a sensual life
例2：～财气 ① wine, woman, wealth and power ② various kinds of evil temptations③all sorts of allurements
例3：～纯正。 The wine looks fine and pure.
例4：～天 ① overcast ② rainy ③ wine and women ④ sensual pleasure
例5：～之徒 ① one who lusts after wine and women ②one who wallows in wine and women ③ a libertine ④ a debauchee
例6：～祸之媒。 Alcohol and sex are the agents of disaster.
例7：～醉男人。 Wine and women intoxicate men.
3．酒食 ① food and wine ② meals with drink ③ relishes to go with wine
例1：～征逐 ① to vie in feasting each other ② to invite each other to parties
例2：有～先生馔，曾是以为孝乎？ When the young have wine and food and set them before their elders, is this to be considered filial piety?
例3：子有～，何不日鼓瑟？ You have spirits and viands; why not daily play with lute?
4．酒水 ① drinks ② beverages and alcohol ③ a feast ④ a banquet
例1：办了一桌～ to give a feast
例2：结婚后补办～ to throw a feast after the marriage
例3：～免费。 Drinks are free of charge.
例4：这一桌饭菜加～共五百元。 The meal amounts to 500 yuan, beverages included.