全国中小学生数理化大赛
您所在的位置:首页 >> 历届试题

第一届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

发布日期:2018-09-04

 

 

第一届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

                   (NEBKCS

 

考试时间:120分钟   满分:150

    本试题分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。考生作答时,须将答案答在机读卡和答题卷上,在本试题卷、草稿纸上答题无效。考试结束后,请将机读卡和答题卷交回。

I  选择题(共100分)

注意事项:

1. 必须使用2B铅笔在机读卡上将所选答案对应的标号涂黑。

2. I卷共三部分,共计100分。

第一部分 听力测试(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

Where does the conversation most probably take place?

At a clothes store.       B. At a food store.          C. At a food supermarket.

What gift will the woman probably get for Mary?

A school bag.           B. A theatre ticket.         C. A record.

What will the weather in Arizona be like in the coming week?

Warm.                 B. Rainy.                C. A bit cold.

How does the man feel now?

Regretful and joyful.     B. Hungry and angry.       C. Delighted and excited.

What does the woman advise her son to do?

To leave him alone.             B. To report to the police.

C. To report to his teachers.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读各个小题,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

Why will the man go to New York?

For his family vacation.            B. For business work.

C. For meeting his friends.

When will the man leave New York?

On May 18th.       B. On May 17th.         C. On May 15th.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

Why does the woman advise to hold the party at the Parker’s?

Because of its excellent scenery.

Because of its location and good food.

Because of its lower price.

Why should the party be ended early?

To make sure Paul has a good rest.           B. To send Paul to the airport.

C. To avoid the sudden storm.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

How much gift money did the boy receive during the Spring Festival last year?

2,000 yuan.        B. 600 yuan.          C. 1,400 yuan.

Why is the boy at a loss about what to do with the money?

He has a lot of uncertain plans.

He doesn’t know where to keep the money.

He has never had so much money.

How will the boy deal with the money?

He will lend it to the girl.               B. He will go for a trip with the girl.

C. He will save some of it in the bank.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

What is the man?

A reporter.         B. A player.         C. A tourist.

What is the woman doing?

Watching a tennis match.              B. Queuing up for a tennis match.

C.Waiting for a tennis star.

Where does the woman come from?

Berlin            B.London.            C. Wimbledon.

What can the woman probably get in the end?

One radio.         B. One ticket.         C. None.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

When did the woman prepare for her final examinations?

About five years ago.     B. About a year ago.       C. About nine years ago.[来源:学科网]

What is the woman now?

A businesswoman.        B. A librarian.       C. A waitress.

Why does the woman want to open the book café?

To own her study room.          B. To make more friends.

C. To have a different lifestyle.

20. What kind of place does the woman want her book café to be?

   A. A quiet library.      B. A relaxing place.       C. A business center.

第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30 分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABC D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

A qualified doctor who rarely practiced but instead devoted his life to writing. He once said: “Medicine is my lawful wife, and literature is my lover.” Russian writer Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, was a great playwright and one of the masters of the modern short story.

  When Chekhov entered the Moscow University Medical School in 1879, he started to publish hundreds of comic short stories to support his family. After he graduated, he wrote regularly for a local daily newspaper.

  As a writer he was extremely fast, often producing a short story in an hour or less. Chekhovs medical and science experience can be seen through the indifference (冷漠) many of his characters show to tragic events. In 1892, he became a full time writer and published some of his most memorable stories.

  Chekhov often wrote about the sufferings of life in small town Russia. Tragic events control his characters who are filled with feelings of hopelessness and despair.

  It is often said that nothing happens in Chekhovs stories and plays. He made up for this with his exciting technique for developing drama within his characters. Chekhovs work combined the calm attitude of a scientist and doctor with the sensitivity(敏感) of an artist.

Some of Chekhov's works were translated into Chinese as early as the 1940s. One of his famous stories, The Man in a Shell, about a school teachers extraordinarily orderly life, was selected as a text for Chinese senior students.

21. Which of the following is the right order of the events?

  a. became a doctor                      b. became a full time writer

  c. started to publish comic short stories      d. wrote regularly for a local daily newspaper.

  e. entered the Moscow University Medical School

  A. ecbad           B. dabce

  C. ecadb           D. aedcb

 22. Anton Pavlovich Chekhov ________.

  A. as an illegal writer         B. had a lawful lover

  C. used to be a lawyer           D. was a competent doctor

 23. In 1880, Chekhov ________.

  A. studied medicine in Moscow University      B. published his most memorable stories

  C. became a full-time writer          D. practiced medicine in his hometown

 24. Which of the following adjectives cant be used to describe Chekhov?

  A. Sensitive.          B. Warm-hearted.    

C. Quick-minded.        D. Cool.

B

Read the advertisements carefully. Then answer the questions that follow.

INTERESTED IN CHILDCARE?

Qualified person or preschool teacher needed for busy childcare center, south of the river. Full-time work guaranteed. Immediate start necessary. The candidate must be able to work as a co-operative team member. Phone 6345 2345 for an interview and fax resume to 6345 2345.

WE NEED OFFICE CLEANERS!

Three people are required for professional cleaning in the CBD area. Working hours from 5:00 pm on Mondays, Wednesdays & Fridays. Approximately five hours per shift. A good record is necessary. Experience preferred.  Phone 6345 7843 now.

WANT TO WORK AS A DENTAL NURSE?

This is an exciting opportunity for a qualified dental nurse with a confident and cheerful personality to work in the School Dental Health Scheme. You must be able to get along well with children because the work involves talking to groups about dental health practices. For further information, visit our website at: schooldentalservices@ gov. sg.  And fax your resume to 6234 4567.

FLORIST WANTED!

Are you a creative and trained florist with at least two years of experience? Then this may be just what you are seeking. The city’s leading Florist Artist Studio needs another part-time member on their wedding team. Please phone 6098 7888 now!

25. The position of a(n)_______is a part-time job.

  A. florist     B. artist      C. preschool teacher     D. dental nurse

26. Which of the following is the most important for the childcare job?

  A. The ability to work well with other people.          B. Childcare experience.

  C. The ability to start work in two weeks.              D. Cooking skills.

27. The office cleaners will be required to work about _______ hours a week.

   A. 15       B. 5         C. 10                  D.20

C

    I am a writer. I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of languagethe way it can evoke(唤起) an emotion, a visual image, a complex idea, or a simple truth. Language is the tool of my trade. And I use them allall the Englishes I grew up with.

    Born into a Chinese family that had recently arrived in California, I’ve been giving more thought to the kind of English my mother speaks. Like others, I have described it to people as “broken” English. But I feel embarrassed to say that. It has always bothered me that I can think of no way to describe it other than “broken”, as if it were damaged and needed to be fixed, as if it lacked a certain wholeness. I’ve heard other terms used, “limited English,” for example. But they seem just as bad, as if everything is limited, including peoples perceptions(认识)of the limited English speaker.

    I know this for a fact, because when I was growing up, my mother’s “limited” English limited my perception of her. I was ashamed of her English. I believed that her English reflected the quality of what she had to say. That is, because she expressed them imperfectly her thoughts were imperfect. And I had plenty of evidence to support me: the fact that people in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her.

    I started writing fiction in 1985. And for reasons I won’t get into today, I began to write stories using all the Englishes I grew up with: the English she used with me, which for lack of a better term might be described as “broken”, and what I imagine to be her translation of her Chinese, her internal(内在的) language, and for that I sought to preserve the essence, but neither an English nor a Chinese structure. I wanted to catch what language ability tests can never show: her intention, her feelings, the rhythms of her speech and the nature of her thoughts.

28. By saying “Language is the tool of my trade”, the author means that ______.

  A. she is a writer by profession          B. she is fascinated by languages

  C. she works as a translator             D. she uses English in foreign trade

29. Which of the following is TRUE according to Paragraph 3?

  A. Americans do not understand broken English.

  B. Broken English always reflects imperfect thoughts.

  C. The author’ mother had positive influence on her.

  D. The author’s mother was not respected sometimes.

 30. The author gradually realizes her mother’s English is _____.

A. well structured      B. rich in meaning     C. in the old style   D. easy to translate

31. What is the passage mainly about?

    A. The author’s misunderstanding of “limited” English.

    B. The limitation of the author’s perception of her mother.

    C. The changes of the author’s attitude to her mother’s English.

    D. The author’s experiences of using broken English.

D

    Throughout the history of the arts, the nature of creativity has remained constant to artists. No matter what objects they select, artists are to bring forth new forces and forms that cause change---to find poetry where no one has ever seen or experienced it before.

    Landscape (风景) is another unchanging element of art. It can be found from ancient times through the17th-century Dutch painters to the 19th-century romanticists and impressionists. In the 1970s Alfred Leslie, one of the new American realists, continued this practice. Leslie sought out the same place where ThomasCole, a romanticist, had produced paintings of the same scene a century and a half before. Unlike Cole who insists on a feeling of loneliness and the idea of finding peace in nature, Leslie paints what he actually sees. In his paintings, there is no particular change in emotion, and he includes ordinary things like the highway in the background. He also takes advantage of the latest developments of color photography to help both the eye and the memory when he improves his painting back in his workroom.

    Besides, all art begs the age-old question: What is real? Each generation of artists has shown their understanding of reality in one form or another. The impressionists saw reality in brief emotional effects, the realists in everyday subjects and in forest scenes, and the Cro-Magnon cave people in their naturalistic drawings of the animals in the ancient forests. To sum up, understanding reality is a necessary struggle for artists of all periods.

    Over thousands of years the function of the arts has remained relatively constant. Past or present, Eastern or Western, the arts are a basic part of our immediate experience. Many and different are the faces ofart, and together they express the basic need and hope of human beings.

32. The underlined word “poetry” most probably means ________ .

  A. an object for artistic creation      B. an unusual quality

  C. a collection of poems            D. a natural scene

33. Leslie’s paintings are extraordinary because ___________.

  A. they draw attention to common things in life

  B. they look like works by 19th-century painters

  C. they are close in style to works in ancient times

  D. they depend heavily on color photography

34. What is the author’s opinion of artistic reality?

  A. It does not have a long-lasting standard       B.It will not be found in future works of art.

  C. It is expressed in a fixed artistic form.        D. It is lacking in modern works of art.

35. Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?[来源:Zxxk.Com]

  A. History of the arts.                 B. Use of modern technology in the arts.

  C. Basic questions of the arts.          D. New developments in the arts.

第二节 七选五补全短文 (5小题,每小题2分,满分10) (请将答案写到II卷规定的位置上,否则不给分!)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。[来源:学科网ZXXK]

    I was ten when I first sat with my grandmother behind the cashier(收银台)in her general store.  36_I quickly learned the importance of treating customers politely and saying thank you.

    At first I was paid in candy.    37    I worked every day after school, and during the summer and on weekends and holidays from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. My father helped me set up a bank account.    38

    By the time I was 12, my grandmother thought I had done such a good job that she promoted me to selling cosmetics(化妆品)I developed the ability to look customers directly in the eye. Even though I was just a kid, women would ask me such things as What color do you think I should wear? I took a real interest in their questions and was able to translate what they wanted into makeup(化妆)ideas.    39

    The job taught me a valuable lesson: to be a successful salesperson, you didn’t need to be a rocket scientist—you needed to be a great listener.  40    Expect they are no longer women purchasing cosmetics from me; instead, they are kids who tell me which toys they would like to see designed and developed.

 A. Watching my money grow was more rewarding than anything I could have bought.

 B. Soon I found myself looking more beautiful than ever before.

 C. Today I still carry that lesson with me: I listen to customers.

 D. My grandma’s trust taught me how to handle responsibility

 E. I ended my selling a record amount of cosmetics..

 F. Before long, she let me sit there by myself.

 G. Later I received 50 cents an hour.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共二节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, CD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(注意:请将答案转涂到机读卡上相应小题标号处!机读卡上的36~40小题处空出,不要填涂!)

    The requirements for high school graduation have just changed in my community. As a result, all students must  41  sixty hours of service learning,   42  they will not receive a diploma. Service learning is academic learning that also helps the community.   43   of service learning include cleaning up a polluted river, working in a soup kitchen, or tutoring a student.   44  a service experience, students must keep a journal(日志)and then write a  _45   about what they have learned.

    Supporters claim that there are many   46   of service learning. Perhaps most importantly, students are forced to think   47   their own interests and become   48   of the needs of others. Students are also able to learn real-life skills that  49   shouldering responsibility, solving problems, and working as part of a team.   __50  , students can explore possible careers _51   service learning. For example, if a student wonders what teaching is like, he or she can choose to work in an elementary school classroom a few afternoons each month.[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]

    52   there are many benefits, opponents   53   problems with the new requirement. First, they 54   that the main reason students go to school is to learn core subjects and skills. Because service learning is time-consuming, students spend   55   time studying the core subjects. Second, they believe that forcing students to work without   56   goes against the law. By requiring service, the school takes away an individual’s freedom to choose.

In my view, service learning is a great way to   57   to the community, learn new skills, and explore different careers.   58  , I don’t believe you should force people to help others – the  59   to help must come from the heart. I think the best  _60   is one that gives students choices: a student should be able to choose sixty hours of independent study or sixty hours of service. Choice encourages both freedom and responsibility, and as young adults, we must learn to handle both wisely.

41.A. complete

B. save

C. spend

D. gain

42.A. but

B. and

C. for

D. or

43.A. Procedures

B. ideas[来源:学科网ZXXK]

C. Examples

D. Subjects

44.A. With

B. During

C. Before

D. After

45.A. note

B. diary

C. report

D. notice

46.A. benefits

B. challenges

C. courses

D. features

47.A. over

B. beyond

C. about

D. in

48.A. proud

B. careful

C. aware

D. tired

49.A. include

B. apply

C. possess

D. develop

50.A. Luckily

B. Gradually

C. Hopefully

D. Finally

51.A. of

B. through

C. across

D. on

52.A. Thus

B. So

C. While

D. Since

53.A. point out

B. look into

C. deal with

D. take down

54.A. overlook

B. doubt

C. admit

D. argue

55.A. more

B. less

C. full

D. much

56.A. cost

B. care

C. pay

D. praise

57.A. appeal

B. attend

C. belong

D. contribute

58.A. Otherwise

B. However

C. Besides

D. Therefore

59.A. desire

B. courage  

C. emotion  

D. spirit

60.A. result

B. purpose  

C. decision

D. solution

 

 

 

 

 

 

七选五答案:36___  37____  38 ____   39 ____  40 ____

II 非选择题 (50)

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

American popular music is played all over the world. People of all ages in all countries enjoy  61  (listen) to it. The reasons for  62  popularity are its fast pace and rhythmic beat. The music has many origins in the United States. Country music,  63  (come) from the rural areas in the southern United States, is one source. Many people appreciate this music because of the emotions  64  (express) by country music songs.

A second origin of American popular music si the blues. It described mostly sad feelings  65  (reflect) the difficult lives of American blacks. It is usually played and sung by black musicians, but it is popular with all Americans.

Rock music is a newer form of music. This music style was known  66  rock and roll in the 1950’s. Since then there  67  (be) many forms of rock music, hard rock, soft rock, punk rock, disco music and others. Many 68 (perform) of popular rock music are young musicians.

People hear these songs  69  (sing) in their original English or sometimes translated to other languages. The words may differ  70  the enjoyment of the music is universal.

 

61. _________     62. _________    63. _________     64. __________    65. ____________

 

66. _________    67. _________     68. _________     69. __________    70. ____________

第四部分 写作(共两节,共35分)

第一节短文改错 (10小题;每小题1分,满分10)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

    1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。(请不要在此处作答,否则不给分)

Have you ever had a headache during a test? Have you ever been too worried about something that you have a headache or even can’t sleep at night? If so, then you know that stress is.

Not all stress is bad for you. Some kinds of stress can help you get things do better, like when you are running towards the finishing line or when you are being asked to give a speech to your class. Stress sometimes can help push you to make full preparation for a test. However, too much stress can result in anger, depression and other related problems, which we need to take serious.

There are many things in our life what might cause stress ------ having too much homework, taking a difficult test, and having economic problems.

It’s impossible to live in a life completely free of stress, so you should learn to deal with stress. The best way reduce stress is to have a balance life. If you get enough sleep, eat properly, take more exercise and have enough fun time, you’ll probably feel less stressed.

 

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

目前,教育厅严禁各个学校假期补课,对此不同的人有不同的看法。阅读下表内容,写一篇介绍性短文,并谈谈自己的看法。

 

 

赞成者认为

补课可以弄懂课堂上没有听懂的东西;

补课可以超前学习;

补课可以充分地利用假期时间。

 

反对者认为

补课影响自己的正常休息;

补课导致自己在课堂上不认真听讲;

补课浪费金钱、增加父母的负担。

你的看法

……

 

    注意:词数120左右。短文的开头已经给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:补课remedial work

Nowadays, many middle schools are forbidden to do remedial work during the vacation, about which different students have different opinions.

 

 

参考答案

 

1-5 ACBBA     6-10: BABAC      11-15: ACABA       16-20: CBACB

21-24: CDAB      25-27: AAA        28-31: ADBC        32-35: BAAC

36-40: FGAEC     41-45: ADCBC     46-50: ABCAD       51-55: BCADB

56-60: CDBAD

61: listening    62: its      63: coming      64: expressed     65: reflecting

66: as     67: have been     68: performers     69: sung      70: but/yet

Have you ever had a headache during a test? Have you ever been too worried about

                                                     so

 something that you have a headache or even can’t sleep at night? If so, then you know that stress is.                                                                    what

Not all stress is bad for you. Some kinds of stress can help you get things do better, like when

                                                           done

you are running towards the finishing line or when you are being asked to give a speech to

                                                去掉

 your class. Stress sometimes can help push you to make full preparation for a test. However,

preparations

 too much stress can result in anger, depression and other related problems, which we need to take serious.

 seriously

There are many things in our life what might cause stress ------ having too much homework,

                           that

taking a difficult test, and having economic problems.

                  or

It’s impossible to live in a life completely free of stress, so you should learn to deal with stress. The best way reduce stress is to have a balance life. If you get enough sleep, eat properly, take

          to                      balanced

 more exercise and have enough fun time, you’ll probably feel less stressed.

 

One possible version:

 Nowadays, many middle schools are forbidden to do remedial work during the vacation, about which different students have different opinions.

     Some students think doing remedial work can help them understand what then haven’t understood in class. Besides, students can learn new knowledge ahead of time by dong remedial work. What’s more, some students can make full use of their time if they do remedial work.

     However, some students don’t think so. They hold the view that doing such remedial work affect students’ rest. Also, it can cause students not to listen to the teachers attentively in class. At the same time, doing such remedial work wastes money, which adds to their parents’ burden.

     In my opinion, if necessary, we can do some remedial work, but it can’t take up too much of our time. We should first rest well on vacation.