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第二届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

发布日期:2018-09-04


第二届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

                   NEBKCS

 

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。考生作答时,将答案答在答题卡上(答题注意事项见答题卡),在本试卷上答题无效。

                                 I卷

第一部分:听力(两节,共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Come back soon.

B. Pick up her friends.

C. Return with information about the buses.

2. Why was the woman late? 

A. She missed the bus.

B. The traffic was really bad.

C. Her car broke down.

3. What does the man care about most?

A. The car’s color.

B. The car’s style.[来源:学科网Z-X-X-K]

C. The car’s function.

4. How did the woman learn about her new job?

A. From a friend.  B. From the paper.  C. From the TV.

5. What is true about the man?

A. He doesnt work anywhere now.

B. He will work for Toms company.

C. He was fired by his boss.

 

第二节  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What can the woman see around her?

A. Many cars.    B. An old cinema.    C. A large field.

7. What will the woman do next?

A. Stay where she is. B. Find more street signs. C. Go to the gas station for help.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What is the woman’s attitude toward the man? [来源:学科网]

A. Forgiving.    B. Worried.     C. Impatient.

9. How can the man tell if the fruit is ripe, according to the woman? 

A. Have a taste of it.

B. Press it with fingers.

C. Judge by its color and smell.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. How will the speakers go home?

A. By taxi.     B. By bus.    C. By car.

11. How long did the woman wait to get her bags?

A. Five minutes.   B. Ten minutes.   C. An hour.

12. What does the woman say about her father?

A. He doesn’t follow his doctor’s advice.

B. He has been smoking for 14 years now.

C. He is worried about his lifestyle.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What is the woman doing?

A. Interviewing the man.

B. Talking with a business partner.

C. Checking on the result of a project.

14. What did the man study in college?

A. Biology.    B. History.    C. Art.

15. What is the man proud of himself?

A. He is honest.    B. He is patient.   C. He is hard-working.

16. What does the man need to improve?

A. The ability to focus.

B. The ability to communicate.  

C. The ability to deal with challenges.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Where would this talk be heard?

A. On a radio show.  

B. On a TV program.  

C. In a doctor’s office.

18. How do most people deal with headaches?

A. By taking medicine.  B. By drinking water.  C. By sleeping.

19. When should a doctor be called according to the speaker?

A. If you get headaches regularly.

B. If your headache is caused by certain smell.

C. If you get a headache after hurting your head.

20. What is the talk mainly about?

A. The natural way to treat headaches.

B. Natural causes of headaches.

       C. Different kinds of headaches.

 

部分:阅读理解 (共两节,满分40)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

                                       A

In 1978, I was 18 and was working as a nurse in a small town about 270 km away from Sydney, Australia. I was looking forward to having five days off from duty. Unfortunately, the only one train a day back to my home in Sydney had already left. So I thought I’d hitch a ride (搭便车). 

I waited by the side of the highway for three hours but no one stopped for me. Finally, a man walked over and introduced himself as Gordon. He said that although he couldn’t give me a lift, I should come back to his house for lunch. He noticed me standing for hours in the November heat and thought I must be hungry. I was doubtful as a young girl but he assured (使…放心)me I was safe, and he also offered to help me find a lift home afterwards. When we arrived at his house, he made us sandwiches. After lunch, he helped me find a lift home.

Twenty-five years later, in 2003, while I was driving to a nearby town one day, I saw an elderly man standing in the glaring heat, trying to hitch a ride. I thought it was another chance to repay someone for the favour I’d been given decades earlier. I pulled over and picked him up. I made him comfortable on the back seat and offered him some water.

After a few moments of small talk, the man said to me, “You haven’t changed a bit, even your red hair is still the same.”

I couldn’t remember where I’d met him. He then told me he was the man who had given me lunch and helped me find a lift all those years ago. It was Gordon.

21. The author had to hitch a ride one day in 1978 because          .

A. her work delayed her trip to Sydney[来源:学.科.网Z.X.X.K]

B. she missed the only train back home

C. she was going home for her holidays

D. the town was far away from Sydney

22. Which of the following did Gordon do according to Paragraph 2?

A. He helped the girl find a ride.    

B. He gave the girl a ride back home.

C. He bought sandwiches for the girl.  

D. He watched the girl for three hours.

23.The reason why the author offered a lift to the elderly man was that            .

  A. she realized he was Gordon         

B. she had known him for decades

C. she was going to the nearby town  

D. she wanted to repay the favour she once got

24. What does the author want to tell the readers through the story?

  A. Those who give rides will be repaid.

B. Good manners bring about happiness.

C. Giving sometimes produces nice results.

D. People should offer free rides to others.

 

                                B

   Years ago a farmer owned land along the Atlantic. He constantly advertised for hired hands. Most people were [来源:Z-x-x-k.Com]not willing to work on farms along the Atlantic because they worried about the terrible storms that would destroy buildings and crops. The farmer received a steady stream of refusals at the interview for a farmhand.[来源:Z-x-x-k.Com]

Finally, a short, thin man approached the farmer. “Are you a good farmhand?” the farmer asked him.

Well, I can sleep when the wind blows. ” answered the little man.

Although puzzled by this answer the farmer, desperate for help, hired him. The little man worked well around the farm busy from dawn to dusk, and the farmer felt satisfied with the man's work.

Then one night the wind howled loudly from offshore. Jumping out of bedthe farmer grabbed a lantern and rushed next door to the hired hand’s sleeping quarters. He shook the little man and yelled “ Get up! A storm is coming! Tie things down before they are blown away! ”

The little man rolled over in bed and said firmly, “No sir. I told you, I can sleep when the wind blows. ”

Enraged (激怒by the response, the farmer was tempted to fire him on the spot . Instead, he hurried outside to prepare for the storm. To his amazementhe discovered that all of the hay had been covered. The cows were in the barnthe chickens were in the coopsand the doors were barred. The shutters were tightly secured. Everything was tied down. Nothing could be blown away.

The farmer then understood what his hired hand meant, so he also returned to his bed to sleep while the wind was still blowing.

25. Why did the farmer constantly advertise for hired hands?

A. Because he needed hired hands all the year round.

B. Because there was too much work to do on the farm.

C. Because he could hardly hire a farmhand.

D. Because he offered poor conditions for the hired hands.

26. The farmer felt amazed because _______.

A. the little man was sleeping B. everything was in safety

C. the wind was too strong D. he could not open the doors

27. What did the man mean by saying “I can sleep when the wind blows” ?

A. He needed much sleep after working hard on the farm.

B. He was very brave and not afraid of wind

C. He enjoyed sleeping when the wind blew.

D. He would get everything done before the wind blew.

28. Which of the following statements about the little man is TRUE?

A. He was not afraid of storms.

B. He was a heavy sleeper under any condition.

C. He was hard-working and devoted to his work.

D. He was fired shortly after he tied everything down.

                               C

   After we meet people it is up to us to make them our friends. Let us stop a moment and consider what really makes a friend. The major qualities like faithfulness, devotion, friendly company, flash through our minds. But it is the large number of very small particular qualities that make up one’s whole character, such as cheerfulness, friendliness, and punctuality (守时). After all, “ to make a friend, be a friend” is not such a big and difficult order. There are particular favorable qualities, which attract others to us, and some elements which do have an effect on people in fundamental psychology(基础心理学) or not.

  If you are in the presence of a shy person, talking and asking casual (随意的) questions may bring him out of his shell. Think of what would be most acceptable to the other person, for you to talk, or to listen. Either way the goal is to make yourself pleasant.

  Always remember to listen, but listen intelligently. To have anyone “ hang on our words” is the most unnoticeably clever way in the world to please somebody. For a few extremely happy seconds we are the center of attraction, but when it is our turn to be audience, let us remember how we felt as the actor, and let’s be genuinely (真正地) interested in what the other fellow is saying.

   Other people will like us, if we like them. If you want friends, keep your mind and heart open to friendship. Be alive to the other person’s world.

29. This passage is mainly about_______.

   A. the ways of talking to a shy person

   B. some favorable qualities to be a psychologist

   C. how to make yourself attractive to your listeners

   D. how to make a friend and be a friend

30. The words “ bring him out of his shell” in this passage most probably mean _______.

   A. make him become active     

B. make him feel more nervous

   C. help him understand the question better

   D. help him listen intelligently

31. According to the passage, an important way in making friends is to ________.

   A. attract them       B. be attracted       C. listen attentively    D. talk widely

                                

                                     D

    When should people be made to retire? 55? 65? Should there be a compulsory age limit?

    Many old people work well into their 70s and 80s, running families, countries or corporations. Other people, [来源:学科网Z-X-X-K]however, despite being fit and highly talented, are forced to retire in their fifties or even earlier because of the regulations of a company or the nation. This essay will examine whether people should be allowed to continue working as long as they want or whether they should be encouraged to retire at a particular stage.

   Some people think there are several arguments for allowing older people to continue working as long as they are able. First of all, older employees have an immense amount of knowledge and experience which can be lost to a business or organization if they are made to retire. A second point is that older employees are often extremely loyal employees and are more willing to carry out company policies than younger less committed staff. However, a more important point is regarding the attitudes in society to old people. To force someone to resign or retire at 60 indicates that the society does not value the input of these people and that effectively their useful life is over. Age is irrelevant to a working life, surely if older employees are told they cannot work after 60, this is age discrimination. That they become old does not necessarily mean they are going to be sick. Old people could be more aware, experienced and committed than some youngsters.

   Others, however, think that allowing older people to work indefinitely is not a good policy. Age alone is no guarantee of ability. Old people are only ambitious workaholics who are too selfish and self-centered to believe that a younger person could do better. Actually, many younger employees have more experience or skills than older staff, who may have been stuck in one area or unit for most of their working lives. Having compulsory retirement allows new ideas in an organization. In addition, without age limits, however, many people would continue to work purely because they did not have any other plans or roles. A third point of view is that older people should be rewarded by society for their life’s labor by being given generous pensions and the freedom to enjoy their leisure. We now have youngsters who can’t find jobs because old people are choosing not to retire. Old people are not retiring because this new generation of “old people” think they will never die due to modern advances in medicine.[来源:学+科+网Z+X+X+K]

   With many young people unemployed or frustrated in low-level positions, there are often calls to compulsorily retire older workers. However, this can affect the older individual’s freedom and right to work and can deprive(剥[来源:学*科*网]) society of valuable experience and insights. I feel that giving workers more flexibility and choice over their retirement age will benefit society and the individual.

32. What is the purpose of this passage?

   A. To explain the compulsory age limit.  B. To discuss the retirement age.

   C. To examine people’s working life.   D. To introduce a particular stage.

33. Which of the following is NOT a reason for allowing old people to continue working according to the passage?

   A. Their contribution should be valued.

   B. Their experience should be made use of.

   C. They can help the youngsters.

   D. They are loyal employees.

34. It can be inferred in the fourth passage that ______.

   A. The young people have more creative spirits

   B. Modern advances in medicine make old people never die

   C. Pensions and freedom are not given to the old now

   D. Old people believe that a younger person could do better

35. The passage is arranged as follows:

 

 

 

 

[来源:学*科*网]

D.

 

 

 

第二节(共5小题; 每小题2分,满分10分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Building Trust in a Relationship Again

Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences.    36    Trust is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.

Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal(出卖,背叛). Whether we’ve been stolen from, lied to, misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust.    37    Theyve been too badly hurt and they cant bear to let it happen again. It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.

Learn to really trust yourself. Having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.

   38    If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

   39    Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life.    40    Instead, it’s a healthy way [来源:学*科*网]to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.[来源:学.科.网Z.X.X.K]

A. You didn’t lose “everything”

B. It is putting confidence in someone.

C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim.

D. Sometimes people simply can’t trust any more.

E. Remember that you can expect the best in return.

F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships.

G. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened

 

第三部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36—55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Billy, a hard  working student, is fourteen years old and in the ninth grade. He has a part  time job that  41  him up every morning at five oclock, when most people are still   42   asleep. He is a newspaper boy.

Each morning, Billy leaves the house at 5:15 to go to the   43  where the newspapers always are. The newspapers were  44  to the corner by truck at midnight. He always takes a wagon to  45 them.

In the winter it is still dark  46   he gets up every day, but during the rest of the year it is   47  . Billy must send the newspapers to the houses of people on his  48  in all kinds of weather. He tries to put each paper on the porch (门廊) where it will be  49  from wind and rain or snow. Sometimes his customers give him tips,   50  him very excited.

Billy earns about $ 70 per month through hard  51  , and he is saving some of the money to go to   52  where he has always been longing to go. Besides that, he   53   the rest of the earnings on records and clothes. Once a month, he has to collect the   54  at night since many of the people work during the day. That is when he is  55  so that he is full of excitement. Luckily, he gets 56   supported by his family. Sometimes, when Billy is sick, his brother offers to deliver the newspapers for him. Once, his father was too   57  to help him.

Billy has seventy customers now, but he doesnt feel  58  about the number.

He dreams that he will get  59  customers as possible some day.  60  , he might win a prize for being an outstanding newspaper boy. He wants to win a trip to Europe, but he will be happy if he wins a new bicycle.

41.A.wakes B.takes C.gets D.picks

42.A.sound B.falling C.fall D.soundly

43.A.corner B.street C.room D.department

44.A.given B.addressed C.handed D.delivered

45.A.carry B.bring C.send D.load

46.A.at which B.while C.that D.when

47.A.short B.black C.light D.long

48.A.road B.way C.route D.path

49.A.protected B.stopped C.kept Dprevented

50.A.making B.letting C.leading D.causing

51.  A.attempt B.job C.work D.struggle

52.A.abroad B.company C.college D.hospital

53.  A.costs B.spends C.pays D.uses

54.A.paper B.money C.newspapers D.records

55.A.depressed B.energetic C.fulfilled D.moved

56.A.very B.great C.greatly D.a lot of

57.A.likely B.reluctant C.tired D.willing

58.A.satisfying B.pleasant C.contented D.happy

59.A.many more B.as much C.as many D.much more

60.A.If that B.If so C.Besides D.Whats more

 

                          II卷

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入恰当的内容(不多于3个词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Born in 1930, Yuan Longping graduated   61   Southeast Agricultural College in 1953. Since then, finding ways to grow more rice   62   (be) his life goal. As a young man, he saw the great  63   for increasing the rice output. At that time, hunger was a    64    (disturb) problem in many parts of the countryside. Yuan Longping grows    65   is called super hybrid rice, making    66   possible to increase rice harvest without   67   (expand) the area of the field. Yuan Longping has been considered the first agricultural pioneer in the world   68   (grow) rice that has a high output.   69    to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world   70    hunger.

 

部分:  写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有十处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除,或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。[来源:学科网]

删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,在该词下面写出改正后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

      2.从第11处起所改错误不给分。

Id like tell you something about your life in this boarding school.I stay in a dormitory with three other girls, all of them are kind and nice. We get on well to others and have become good friends. Living in a boarding school make me independent. I am confidence to take care of myself, wash the clothes, and clean the rooms, which I never did when at home. The classes here are very interesting and challenged. I’m still feeling a little dissatisfied with some other thing. The living conditions are not as good as it at home and the chance to get in touch with the outside world is limited. Anyway, I’ll get used to living here and hope the everything will be better soon.

 

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

在学习、生活和工作中,学会与人合作是非常重要的。请你根据下表中提供的信息,写一篇题为“Being a Good Partner ”的英文演讲稿。

 

为何合作

有利于互相学习,增进友谊,节省时间与精力

与谁合作

与喜欢的人合作

心情愉快, 同甘共苦

与不喜欢的人合作

学会容忍,发现优点

怎样合作

你的观点…… (至少2个)

 

注意:[来源:学+科+网Z+X+X+K]

    1. 对所给要点进行陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译

2. 词数100左右。开头已经写好,不计入总词数。

   3. 参考词汇:合作cooperation(n.)  cooperate(v.)

 

Good afternoon, everyone!

The topic of my speech today is “being a good partner” .