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第四届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

发布日期:2018-09-04

第四届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

                    NEBKCS

 

Ⅰ卷

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.When did the alarm clock ring?

A.At 6 o'clock.   B.At 7 o'clock.   C.At 8 o'clock.

2.What does the woman want to do?

A.Open the door.  B.Let the man in.  C.Open the window.

3.What's the probable relationship between the speakers?

A.Taxi driver and passenger.  B.Driver and conductor.  C.Boss and secretary.

4.Where is Jimmy now?

A.In a hotel.   B.At home.   C.In the lab.

5.What will the woman do for the man?

A.Wash his clothes.   B.Get him a wallet.  C.Take him to the store.

第二节 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。

6.Why can't the woman concentrate on the book?

A.She's worried about the seminar.  B.The man interrupts her.  C.She lacks interest in it.

7.What is the woman's present major?

A.Psychology.  B.Philosophy.  C.English.

听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。

8.What does the man want to do?

A.Help the woman with her work.B.Have a talk with the woman.C.Go out with the woman.

9.What was the woman asked to do?

A.Add some pages to her English paper. B.Hand in her English paper next Friday. C.Write a new English paper.

听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。

10.What happened to the man?

A.He was caught by the policemen. B.He lost his watch. C.He was attacked.

11.Who is probably the woman?

A.The man's wife.   B.A policewoman.   C.The man's workmate.

12.How did the man go to work yesterday?

A.By bus.   B.By car.   C.By bike.

听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。

13.What is the man going to do this evening?

A.Do some reading.  B.Host his friends.   C.Do some washing.

14.What does the woman plan to do in the evening?

A.Stay at home.   B.Hold a dinner party.   C.Have a drink with the man.

15.What should the woman do on the weekend in the man's opinion?

A.Have fun.   B.Have a good sleep.   C.Take some exercise.

16.When does the woman usually get up on Saturdays?

A.At 11:00.   B.At 10:00.   C.At 9:00.

听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。

17.Whose pet dog was the one in 1918?

A.A doctor's.   B.A soldier's.   C.Dorothy's.

18.Where did Dorothy go to learn about the guide dogs?

A.America.   B.Germany.   C.England.

19.How long does it take to train a little dog to be a guide dog?

A.Over 2 years.   B.14 months.   C.4 months.

20.What will the listeners do next?

A.Teach dogs to be guides.   B.Introduce their pet dogs.   C.Visit the center.

 

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

    A giant panda at Washington’s zoo surprised scientists and zookeepers by becoming a mom again after years of failed pregnancies.

    Scientists at the zoo had all but given up on 14-year-old Mei Xiang’s chances of pregnancy. However, she gave birth again on late Sunday, ten years after her first cub, a male named Tai Shan, was born in 2005. Officials will follow Chinese custom and give it a name after 1 00 days. Mei Xiang and her mate Tian Tian, born in China, are the second pair of pandas to live at the zoo. They’re treated very kindly.

    Since 2007, zoo officials have had five unsuccessful attempts at artificially inseminating(人工受精) Mei Xiang. But each time there was no cub. As a result, they had considered replacing Mei Xiang or 15-year-old Tian Tian with other pandas. Still, there was hope.

    For now, keepers saidMei Xiang is doing well and responding to the noisy cub. Under an agreement with the Chinese government, zoo officials can keep the cub for four years before it has to go back to China, just as its older brother Tai Shan did in 2010.

Still, there’s some danger for the cub, especially in the next two weeks. Pandas have accidentally crushed(挤压) their small cubs. And the zoo’s first panda couple, Ling-Ling and Hsing-Hsing, had five cubs, but none of them survived more than a few days.

21. The giant panda surprised scientists and zookeepers because ___________.

  A. her baby was too light               B. she gave birth to a baby panda

  C. she gave birth at Washington’s zoo D. she gave birth again after a long time

22. What does the underlined word “cub’’ probably mean in the second paragraph?

  A. Newborn.     B. Partner.    C. Pregnancy.   D. Grownup.

23. What danger will the baby panda face in the next two weeks?

  A. Adult pandas’ crushing it.   B. Its mother’s impatience.

  C. The tough environment.     D. Zookeepers’ inexperience.

24. What can be a suitable title for the passage?

  A. What surprised scientists     B. Ways of getting a baby panda

  C. How Mei Xiang won her fame    D. Giant panda gave birth at US zoo

 

B

    It isn’t easy being a princess. A princess addresses large crowds and uses perfect manners. A princess must always be polite and sweet and sometimes repair car engines and fix tires. Princess Elizabeth II really does all that

    Before she was Queen of England, Princess Elizabeth wanted to join the A.T.S., a female branch of the British military. It was World War II, and women worked at jobs traditionally held by men, who were then overseas fighting.

    Elizabeth was a teenager and first had to convince her parents who thought it was too dangerous, but she would not take no for an answer. “I ought to do as other girls of my age do," she said firmly. After some months, her parents finally agreed. Princess Elizabeth received the same training as others.

    When she arrived at the A.T.S. camp for her first day of training, she was greeted by a jacked-up car with its wheels off. In the following weeks, she learned to take apart an engine and then assemble (安装) it. To complete her A.T.S. training, she was required to drive a big truck on her own

Princess Elizabeth became Queen Being a queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Now in her eighties, she still drives. Being a queen requires a lot of hard work, but it can be fun as well. Queen Elizabeth loves horses and still rides four times each week. She also still likes to get a little dirty. She actively manages her farm at Balmoral and is often seen hiking through the countryside there.

25.What did Princess Elizabeth do when her parents disagreed with her plan?

  A. She hesitated a lot.     B. She left home secretly.

  C. She ignored their concern.  D. She promised to return home.

26. It can be learned from the last paragraph that Elizabeth II __________.

  A. finds it hard to be a qualified queen    

B. still leads an active life in her eighties

  C. enjoys hiking rather than riding horses  

D. has some difficulty in managing her time    

27. Which of the following words can best describe Elizabeth II?

  A. Strong, proud and adventurous· B. Confident, lovely and beautiful

  C. Brave, energetic and determined D. Energetic, responsible and proud

28. What’s the passage mainly about?

  A. Elizabeth II’s childhood      B. The specialty of Elizabeth II.

C.Elizabeth’s overseas fighting. D Elizabeth II’s contribution in World War II.

C

    Tate Modern is Britain’s national museum of international modern art. It is in London, on the south bank of the River Thames, opposite St Paul’s Cathedral and the City of London. It displays examples of modern art from  1900 to the present day.

    Tate Modem opened in 2000. The building was originally the Bankside Power Station, designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, who also designed Waterloo Bridge and the famous British red telephone box. The power station closed in 1981 and architects Herzog and de Meuron helped convert it into an art gallery. The building is more than 200 metres long and its chimney is 99 metres high. There are 5 levels and the vast Turbine Hall. This is where the Tate displays large installations(现代雕塑装置) by contemporary artists. One famous example of an installation was a series of huge slides that visitors could go down, leading from the different levels of the building to the hall floor. This, and other popular installations, has helped inspire the imagination of the public, and Tate Modem is now one of the biggest tourist attractions in London. There are plans to build a glass pyramid extension, dedicated to photography and video exhibitions.

    Many art galleries arrange art chronologically(按时间先后), but Tate Modern organizes its works of art according to the important movements of the twentieth century. These include Abstraction, with paintings by artists like Wassily Kandinsky; Surrealism, with works by artists like Salvador Dali and Max Ernst; Cubism, with works by Picasso; and Pop Art, represented by artists like Andy Warhol.    

    There are 3 other Tate galleries — Tate Britain (also in London), Tate Liverpool and Tate St lves in Cornwall. Tate Modern is however, the most popular.

29. The underlined word “convert” in the second paragraph probably means ________.

A. move      B. take        C. change        D. divide

30. The installations in the Tate Modem can ________.

  A. get people interested in art  B. show how famous the museum is

  C. tell us how valuable the exhibits are  D. represent modern art works

31. How are the exhibits arranged in the Tate Modern?    

  A. By popularity. B. By important events.  C. By size and shape. D.By time.

32. The passage probably comes from a book about ________.

  A. travel      B. religion  C. architecture      D. art

D

    A new ingredient developed by scientist in Scotland could mean that ice cream lovers can enjoy their treats longer before they melt. The scientists predict that the slow-melting product could become available in three to five years. The development could also allow products to be made with less saturated fat (饱和脂肪)and fewer calories

    Research teams at the Universities of Edinburgh and Dundee have discovered that the protein, known as BsIA, works by sticking together the air, fat and water in ice cream. It is also said to prevent ice crystals from forming.

    Professor Cait MacPhee, of the University of Edinburgh's school of physics and astronomy, who led the project, said“It’s not completely non-melting because you do want your ice cream to be cold. It will melt eventually but hopefully by keeping it stable for longer it will stop it from falling in big drops.”

    The team developed a method of producing the protein, which occurs naturally in some foods as friendly bacteria. According to Professor MacPhee, it works by keeping oil and water mixed together, stops air from escaping and coats the ice crystals in ice cream which stops them from melting so quickly. She says, “This is a natural protein already in the food chainIt’s already used to ferment(使发酵) some foods so it’s a natural product. By using this protein, we’re replacing some of the fat molecules that are currently used to stabilize these oil and water mixturesso it can reduce the fat content, but it shouldn’t taste any different. It can also reduce the sugar content and so be used in other foods to help reduce calories."

    The researchers believe using the ingredient could benefit manufacturers too, as it can be processed without having an influence on performance and can be produced from sustainable raw materials.

33. The ice cream developed by Scottish scientists will _________.

  A. not melt Completely B. taste more delicious C. be much healthier  D. appear on the market soon

34. According to Professor MacPhee,  _________.

A. the new product will be safe for consumers     

B. mixing oil and water can reduce the fat content

  C. BsIA can make the new ice cream taste different D. BsIA can take the place of the fat molecules completely

35. The main purpose of the passage is to _________.

  A. advertise a new ice cream        B. 1ist the benefits of a protein    ’

  C. tell readers about a new product   D. introduce ways to produce better food

 

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    If you are planning to see more of the UK than just the major cities, you should consider renting a car to make it easier to travel around. Thousands of visitors enjoy driving in the UK, happily and safely, every year although driving on the “wrong” side of the road for the first time can make some drivers nervous  36  

    START SLOW

    If you’ve never driven in the UK before, don’t plan to pick up a car at the airport and go straight onto a motorway heading for a major city. Use public transport to get to your holiday destination and try driving on the left on quieter roads first.   37   After that, try high speed motorways and big city centers.

    WATCH YOUR SPEED

    On motorways, the speed limit is 70 mph(112 kph), but on other roads it goes down to 60-40 mph (96-64 kph). And once you enter a town or a village the speed limit is never more than 30 mph(48 kph).   38   There are more speed cameras in the UK than in other European countries

    PARK SAFELY

    Parking in the UK can be complicated and if you leave your car in the wrong place, the fines cab be quite heavy, so it is best to find a car park. Most towns now have Pay and Display parking.   39   Check the price board to see how much you have to pay. Note that in some towns parking charges apply in the evenings and weekends.

    STAY COOL

The most interesting and scenic roads in Britain are often the smallest. It’s possible to get stuck behind a tractor with a load of hay moving at 24 kph.   40   It’s safer to be patient and wait until you have a clear, long view of the road ahead.

A. It makes life easier for visitors.

B. Always look out for the speed limit signs.

C. Here are some tips for driving in the British isles.

D. Build up your confidence on smaller, less busy roads.

E. Unlike most countries in the world, UK traffic drives on the left.

F. British roads are 1imited for most vehicles by the National Speed Limit.

G. Even if you are feeling more confident, be very careful overtaking on these roads.

 

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    At an airport I overheard a father and daughter during their   41   moments together. Her   42   was ready for boarding. They hugged and he said, “I love you. I wish you   43  ” She in turn said“Daddy, I wish you enough! Too.’’

    They kissed each other   44   and she left. The man walked over where I was seated. I could see that he needed to   45  . I tried not to disturb his private, but he   46   me by asking, “Have you ever said goodbye to someone knowing that it would be   47  ”.

    “Yes, I have.” Saying that brought back   48   of my Dad. Recognizing that his days were   49  , I took the time to tell him, how much he   50   to me. So I knew what this man was   51  .

    “Forgive me for asking,   52   why is this goodbye forever?” I asked.

    “I am old and she lives much too   53  . The reality is, her next trip back will be for  my   54  ,” he said

    “I heard you say ‘I wish you enough’. May I ask what that means?”

    “That is a wish that has been handed down through   55   in our family. My parents used to say it to everyone.

     The man paused a(n)  56  , then looked up, as if trying to remember the details.

     He then turned to me and   57   the following, as if he were   58   it from memory:

     I wish you enough sun to keep your attitude bright.

     I wish you enough pain   59   the smallest joys in life appear much bigger.

     I wish you enough   60   to appreciate all that you possess.

     Then the man began to sob and walked away.

41. A1ast   Bfirst   Chappy Dsad

42. Ataxi   Bflight Cbus Dcar

43. Aenough     Bhappiness Csuccess Dhealth

44. Agood morning Bgoodnight Cgood luck Dgoodbye

45. Asit   Bspeak Ccry D1augh

46. Awelcomed     Bpersuaded Crefused Dworried

47. Aonce     Bforever Cnever Doften

48. Athings     Bmemories Cstories     Dfeelings

49. Agone     Bvalue Cpassed Dnumbered

50. Ameant Bsaid Cdid Dowed

51. Afighting against Bthinking about  Cdoing with Dgoing through

52. Aand     Bbut Cso     Dor   

53. Along   Bnear by Cfar away Dquietly

54. Abirthday     Billness Cwedding Dfuneral

55. Agenerations  Bpassengers Cfriends Dheroes

56. Achange     Bmoment Ctrip Dwalk

57. Adiscovered    Bcreated Cshared Dignored

58. Asinging    Brepeating Creciting Dforgetting

59. Ain case     Bas if     Ceven if Dso that

60. Apressure     Bhurt Closs Dmoney

II

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。将答案填写在答题卡的相应位置。

    Going through the forest is my favourite part of the walk. Benji loves it too. There   61  (be) rabbits to chase(追逐) and old leaves to smell. Benji’s my dog, by   62   way, and I’m Grace. I live on a farm with my parents and take Benji for a walk most days after school. Dad doesn’t approve of me walking through the forest. “Don’t talk to   63  (strange),” he says. Though the truth is   64   there’s never anyone here. Just me, Benji and lots of rabbits and birds.

    While Benji runs ahead, I stop and take a photo of a butterfly that   65  (rest) on a flower. A new Facebook photo? Maybe, but my friends at school   66  (usual) tease(取笑) me with the nickname “Nature Girl", so perhaps not. After   67  (put) my phone away, I hear Benji barking along the path. Benji barks   68      (say) hello, he’s scared of cats and wouldn’t hurt anyone, but, of course, other people don’t know that. Benji’s barking and jumping round a boy. He’s holding some wood in his arms and looks   69  (worry).

    “Benji, stop! Come here!” I yell. I reach into my pocket for Benji’s ball. I’m about to apologize   70   the boy, but he’s gone.

 

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

      2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I love camping. It's my favorite way to spent the summer vacation. My family and I went camp in the countryside in last year. It was one of the most exciting experiences I had never had. Every day we sleep in a tent and went for long walk. We cooked over a fire and the food always tasted wonderfully. For a whole week, I saw lovely mountains views and breathed fresh air. At night, I heard the gentle wind blowing in the trees, and I felt so peaceful. It didn’t cost much to camp, and I believe it's the best way to get close to nature and enjoy it beauty.

第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)

假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Susan想让你分享春节期间你的难忘经历。请你根据下面的提示给她写信。

内容包括:

1. 事件的主要人物和背景;

2. 事件的主要经过和结果;

3. 你的感受和体会。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头和结尾已为你写好。

 

Dear Susan,

I’d like to tell you something about my experience during the Spring Festival this year.

___________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

Looking forward to hearing from you soon.

                                                                       Yours,

                                                                       Li Hua