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第七届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

发布日期:2018-09-04

第七届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

NATIONAL  ENGLISH  BASIC  KNOWLEDGE  COMPETITION

        

第一部分:听力 (共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What are the speakers talking about?

   A. A bag. B. A park. C. An apartment building.

2. Why cant the man leave on Thursday?

A. He will visit his uncle.

B. He will have a visitor.

C. He has to go to New York.

3. How many people were killed in the air crash?

   A. 15.B. 64.        C. 70.

4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

 A.In a cafe.B. In a hotel.C.In a restaurant.

5.What was the weather like yesterday?

 A. Rainy.    B.Cloudy.C. Sunny.

笫二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

    听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. What happened to the man?

 A. He lost his friend.    

B.His friend mistrusted him.    

C.He had a disagreement with his friend.

7. What does the woman suggest the man do?

 A. Help David pay the money back.    

B.Lend David some money.

C.Have a talk with David

听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。

8.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Taxi driver and passenger.

  B. Policeman and passer-by.

  C. Hotel clerk and customer.

9. How will the woman get to Holton railway station?

A. By car. B. By taxi. C. By bike.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What language is the woman learning now?

    A.Russian.B.French.      C. Spanish.

11. What is probably the man's nationality?

    A. Japanese.    B.Chinese.     C. Russian.

12. How does the man learn the language?

A. From the native speakers.   B.On the Internet.  C. In evening classes

    听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What type of movie is it?

A.Comedy.    B.Thriller.     C. Tragedy.

14. What can we know about the man?

    A. He likes Mel Gibhson very much.

    B. He thinks the film review is interesting.

    C. Julia Roberts is one of his favorite actresses.

15, What will the speakers do next?

    A. Have dinner.    B.Watch afilm.   C. Watch TV.

16. What did the woman say about the Oscars last night?

A. They were impressive.    

B.Some were surprising.

C. They were not as good as expected.

听第10段材料,回答第i7至20题。

17.What does Richard want to open?

    A.A camera shop.    B.A movie theater.    C. A candy store.

18. What is the advantage of the place on Main Street?

A.It is centrally located.    

B.It is next to the park.

C. The rent is the lowest.

19. How much is the rent of the fourth place per month?

A.$400.    B.$450.C.$500

20. Which location will Richard probably choose?

    A. The first place.    B.The second place.C. The third place.

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)  

      阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中.选出最佳选项,并将答案写在题后的答题表中。 

A

Mary Moe, may look like an average grandmother3but she is not. She has just learned how to fly an airplane. She hasdone a lot during the past 91 years. For much of that time, she wanted to fly,but never had the chance-until now. She recently achieved her life-long dream.

When Mary Moe was a little girl, Charles Lindbergh made his solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.Five years later,Amelia Earhart became the first woman to make the flight. Inspired by the two American pilots,Mary Moebegan to have that dream.

But Mary Moe could not find t/me to make her dream come true. At age 34,she was just too busy-busy fighting cancer.She was also busy with her job in advertising and busy raisingher family. There was simply no time to think about flying aplane.

Lessons were costly. Everything seemed to be working against Mary. So she had to put her dream on the back burnerfor a while and wait for her chance.

Then,at age 91,her wish finally came true.

Ms. Moe learned about Wish of a Lifetime. It is a non-profit organization. Its goal is to change the way our societythinks about aging and older adults. Sally Webster works for the group. She said that Ms. Moe's wish is one of hundredsthey receive each year.

Susie Danick founded TAD Relocation,a business that helps senior citizens when they move. Ms.Danick gave $5,000 tothe Wish of a Lifetime to help seniors realize a dream. Mary Moe was one of them.

She received three flying lessons. And on the big day of her first flight,her family and friends all came out to cheerher on. Also at the airport was Ms. Danick. Mary's success made everyone around her excited and proud.

Flying teacher David Waksberg flew with Ms. Moe during her second lesson. He says she was very calm.

Mary says she enjoyed every second. The new pilot says it is never too late to spread your wings and try something new.

21. Mary Moe has been dreaming of flying because _____.

A. she received a strict education when she was a child

B. her father wanted her to be a pilot

C. she was influenced by two American pilots

D. her teacher taught her much knowledge about flying a plane

22. The underlined words in Paragraph 4 probably mean"_     "

A. find more time and money for her dream                   

B. think about her dream when cooking

C. write down her dream and then bum it                    

D. stop trying to realise her dream

23. Wish of a Lifetime _____.

A. helps any people realize their dreams                      

B. helps senior citizens when they move

C. receives hundreds of applications each month             

D. is aimed at changing people's attitude towards the old

24. What can we learn from the passage? _____.

A. Ms. Danick is a flying teacher.

B. Ms. Danick works for Wish of a Lifetime.

C. Ms. Moe's family took pride in her flight.                

D. David Waksberg flew with Ms. Moe during her first flight.

B

Is a college education worth the price? More Americans are asking this question as college costs continue rising andthe job market remains weak.

Attending a four-year college in the United States can cost more than  $40,000 a year. That information comes fromthe College Board,a private company. Many people with a college education are drowning in student debt. They had toborrow money to finance their education.

A recent study suggests that a college education is worth it,at least in the United States. That information comes fromthe Hamilton Project at the Brookings Institution. The study found that someone with a 4-year college education earns twotimes as much as a high school graduate over a lifetime.

However,not all college majors have a guarantee of good wages. For example,a chemical engineer can expect to earndouble the earnings of a social worker over a lifetime. On average,a finance graduate makes more than a nurse,while the nurse makes more than an elementary school teacher.

Generally,college majors that require skill in mathematics have high lifetime earnings. Graduates in computerscience,engineering, and physics have the highest wages. Majors that involve teaching children or counseling(咨询服务)have the lowest pay.

     The Hamilton Project noted that future earnings should not be the only reason for choosing a college major. It says,"Personal enjoyment,engaging in meaningful work,and filling a social need should also enter into a student's decision-making."

Most students have little knowledge of what their future earnings will be when they choose a major. Study organizershope the report will help students make better decisions about higher education.

25. We can learn from the passage that in America _____.

A.it is not so easy for graduates to get a job nowadays   

B.it is easy for high school graduates to go to college

C. all the graduates are involved in debts                    

D. a college education is not worth the price

26. What does the author want to tell us through Paragraph 4?

A. A chemical engineer earns the most among all graduates.

B. A finance graduate earns less than a school teacher.

C. An elementary school teacher earns the least among all graduates.

D. A college major doesn't necessarily mean a high earning.

27. What is the advice of the Hamilton Project on choosing a college major?

A. Personal interest matters the most.                            

B. Filling a social need is the most important.

C. A balanced consideration is a must.                        

D. Future earnings are the most important.

C

These days many Chinese like travelling overseas. Tianxun.cn,a leading search website,devoted to global travel,hasselected four less-crowded destinationsfor those who like self-guided tours and adventures.

Bhutan-The Happy Country

 Located in the Himalayas,the kingdom of Bhutan is famous for its Gross National Happiness index. If you want to seekhappiness,Bhutan is the perfect place to visit at least once in your life.

Tips:One should prepare clothes that are adaptable to different seasons. Also,there are no chairs in a Bhutan family'shome,because they always sit directly on the floor.

Peru-The Lost Gold Country

Peru,once known as the " Kingdom of the Sun" ,is a country with a long history and rich heritage.

Tips:Bring your own toothbrush and slippers. Get vaccinated(接种疫苗) before your trip as vaccination is a must against yellow fever m some areas. It can be expensive if you get it after arrival.

Iceland-A Song of Ice and Fire

Iceland offers snow-capped mountains,large waterfalls,active volcanoes and the beautiful Arctic tundra. It's a goodchoice to rent a car for touring around the island. You can never forget the rare and exciting experience in one of the manylocal hot springs,or seeing the fantastic aurora borealis(北极光).

Tips: If you have a driver's license for the Chinese mainland,you have to get a notarized certification of the license,with a translated version.

 Palau-God' s Aquarium

Palau is a wonderland for diving enthusiasts. In Palau,the water has seven colors,just like the rainbow. You can jumpinto the clear sea and explore the secrets of the underwater world,such as undersea holes and various fishes.

Tips:Palau offers visa-free entry (30 days) to Chinesetourists.28. The passage is designed mainly for people who _      .

A, like travelling to the countryside       

B. are interested in natural scenery

C. are interested in cultural heritage                                  

D. like travelling abroad

29. When travelling in Peru,_____.

A. one can bath in hot springs                                       

 B. one can' t see chairs in local families

C. one can get a vaccination cheaply                          

D. one had better wear his own slippers

30. Which of the following is true?

    A. Much gold was lost in Peru.

B. You can see mountains covered with snow in Palau.

C. You need to prepare kinds of clothes if you want to travel to Bhutan.

D. People in Iceland have the most happiness.

31.Plan may be an attractive destination for a _____.

A.musician    B.painter    C.diving lover    D.historian

D

On a Saturday morning earlier this September,the world got its first look at the Strati. This electric vehicle is unlike any other vehicle currently on the road. It rolls on four wheels,but its body and chassis(底盘)weren't built in a factory. Instead,Strati's designers used a technology called 3-D printing.

 Manufacturing experts say 3-D printing has begun to revolutionize how they make things. The technology has been around for decades.But these machines used to be so expensive that only large companies could afford them. In the last few years, though,that has changed. Many of the machines are now inexpensive enough for small companies-or even individuals-to own.

Compared to a typical vehicle on the road,the Strati definitely looks different," says Greg Schroeder,a senior research engineer at the Center for Automotive Research in Ann Arbor,Mich.,who did not work on the new car. His organization studies trends and changes in the auto industry.

 It took 44 hours to print the new car at the International Manufacturing Technology Show in Chicago. Over the next few days,the car's designers fixed additional parts. These included the car's engine,brakes and tires. Then early on September 13, Jay Rogers climbed into the car,started its engine and drove the vehicle onto the street. Rogers helped found Local Motors. It's the Arizona-based company behind the Strati. Two weeks later, his team printed a second Strati, and just as fast,at afair in New York City.

Justin Fishkin,a Local Motors official,sees the Strati as a window into the future. Today,car buyers are limited in their choice of a vehicle. They can order only what car companies have already designed. But in the future,he says, you may be able to design your own car online and then get it printed to order.

32. The Strati differs from a typical vehicle in____.

    A. wheel    B.speed limit    C.body shape    D.manufacturing technology

33. What can we infer from the second paragraph?

A. 3-D printers are cheaperthan a new car now.    

B. 3-D printing technology isn't a new-born thing.

C. 3-D printers are only used in large companies now.    

D.3-D printers have been widely used by individuals.

34. According to Paragraph 4,.

A.it took more than 3 days to print the Strati    

B.the Strati was printed at Local Motors

C. the Strati was printed by Jay Rogers' team    

D.the Strati was printed after September 13

 35. Justin Fishkin believes that car buyers can____in the future.

A. order a 3-D printer online   

B.order a car designed by themselves

C. design a car and print it by themselves    

D.design a 3-D printer for their own use

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并将答案写在题后的答题表中。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Everyone has a burning drive inside of him or her.36  For others,the drive comes naturally and pushes them to dogreat things. See, what those naturally highly motivated people do differently and what they can reach us.

1.They move on.

    If highly motivated people mess up on a speech in public,faila test,or do something embarrassing,they don't try topush it away.    37  Instead,they look at these mistakes as nothing but simple moments in their life. They accept them, learn from them,and move to the next thing on their to-do list.

2. They read a lot.

__   38   Reading allows one to take in the knowledge of some of the smartest people who have ever lived. They don'tspend much time watching reality TV-they do,however,spend their time reading.

3. They plan.

      They don't leave things up to chance. Planning allows people to get things done faster and better. Highly motivatedpeople know this,and they make use of it. Start waking up and planning all the things you have to do for the day.   39   

4. They seek advice when needed.

      There will be points in everyone's life where they just can't do it on theirown.40    They don't let stubbornness keepthem from reaching their goals. They pursue their dreams without hesitation. Helpthem and they'll help you.

A. They are always learning.

B. Highly motivated people are not afraid to go out and look for help.

C. For some,they need to learn from others to find it.

D. Check out this one and start working for something else.

E. You'll be amazed at how much more productive you are.

F. Sometimes,the best resource can be a person you see every day.

G. They don't let their mistakes stop them from achieving their goals.

第三部分     英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中.选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并将答案写在题后的答题表中。

My children and I walked a couple of miles yesterday,pushing my little guy in the stroller(婴儿车).We gothungryso we  41  tostop for a meal. We had to queue because there were too many people. While we were waiting42  awoman came in. She was very   43   andtalking about someone who had asked her for44  .In heropinion those people needed to get jobs.

We were feeling a little uncomfortable with the _45   and I was    46   what I shouldsay to my kids later,47 myfifteen-year-old daughter. I always tell her we have tobe the change we want to see. I wasthinking it over   48I heardthe lady say," It's also my birthday,but no one could be bothered to _ 49   it with me. "

     I knew this was my chance,both to help her change her thinking and to help her feel50   for on her birthday. Iasked the   51  for help,telling her I wanted to _ 52   thelady's meal.

     The cashier was amazing! She went over to the lady and casually asked,"Will this be a meal?"Then she looked atme and said,"You wanted cookies with that?"That was fun!

When the lady went to pay for her meal the cashier said it was taken care of. That's when the woman came to our53  and tried to force hermoney on us! She even said,"I can't take your money, 54   I didn't help the person whoasked me for money to buy food!"

      I just smiled,tryingto  55    the fact that J had a mouthful of food. When I could I said that if it hadn't been her itwould have been  56else and that I hoped she had a very nice _57.

She  58sitting near us and laughing with us. It turned out that she was    59

about animals. Hearing our storiesof pet adoptions really cheered her up. She left reallyto be brighter and more thoughtful about all that had happened.

41. A. remembered B. happened      C. decided      D. hesitated

42. A. in lineB. in charge     C. in turn D. in time

43.A. frightenedB.surprisedC. annoyedD. relaxed

44. A. directionB. moneyC. advice D. time

45. A. situation       B. smellC. priceD. food

46. A. realizingB. wonderingC. wanderingD. complaining

47. A. basically       B. eventuallyC. especiallyD. simply

48. A. whileB. untilC. sinceD. when

49. A. getB. congratulate C. celebrateD. report

50. A. caredB. lookedC.searchedD. reached

51. A. policemanB. cashierC. passerbyD. beggar

52. A. learn from B. send          C. orderD. pay for

53.A. homeB. tableC. companyD. kitchen

54. A. becauseB. although      C. so that      D. in case

55. A. faceB. acceptC. discover     D. hide

56. A. anythingB. everyoneC. someone      D. something

57. A. futureB. birthdayC. familyD. dream

58. A. used up    B. took upC. turned up    D. ended up

59. A. crazy B. particularC. careless D. cautious

60.A. happeningB. pretendingC.continuing   D. seeming

第三部分     英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

An elderly carpenter was ready to retire. He told his employer of his plans to leave the house-building business to live61leisurely life with his wife,_62(enjoy) his extended family. He would miss the paycheck each week,but hewanted to retire.

The employer was sorry to see his good worker go and asked if he could build just one  63  house as a personal favor.

The carpenter said yes,but in time,_64    was easy to see that his heart was not in his work. It was an unfortunate way toend a dedicated(寺注的)career.

When the carpenter _65  (finish) his work,his employer came to inspect the house. Then he handed the front-doorkey to the carpenter and said,"This is your house...my gift to you.”

 The carpenter was66  (shock)!

What a shame! If he had only known he was building his own house,he would have done it all so  67 (difference).

So it is _68 us. We build our lives,a day at a time,often putting less than our best into the building. Then, with a shock,we realize we have to live in__69we have built. If we could do it over,we would do it much better.70 ,youcannot go back.

61._______  62._______  63._______ 64._______ 65._______

66._______  67._______  68._______ 69._______ 70._______

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

 增加:把缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

       2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Li Hua,    

       I'm sorry to hear that you have trouble deal with some difficult people in your life.       

No matter where we went,we will face people who are against our ideas,and people who simple do not like us. So a first step to deal with difficult people is to accept that the world isn't always fill with friendly people. If the person who  

isn't difficult to everyone,think about that you are contributing to the problem or not. Take responsibility of your mistakes.  

 If the tips have failed,you'd better walk away but leave the difficult problem for a later time. Both of you need time to think the problem over.    

 I hope you can get on well every person around you.    

 Yours,

Jim  

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假如你叫李华。你校来自美国的交换生Jack是你的好友,他最近刚刚回国。请你按照以下要点给他写一封电子邮件:

 1.询问他学习汉语的情况,鼓励他多练习;    

2.委托他购买原版英文图书《美国成语词典》(A Dictionary of American Idioms),以便更好地学习英语成语;   

3.询问他的圣诞计划并表达对他的墨诞祝愿。    

注意:1.词数100左右(开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数);    

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Jack,

How time flies! It has been three weeks since you went back to your motherland.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yourssincerely,

                                                                   Li Hua