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第八届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

发布日期:2018-09-04


第八届全国中学生英语基础知识竞赛

                            (NEBKCS

 

第一部分:听力 (共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What are the speakers talking about?

   A. A bag.    B. A park.   C. An apartment building.

2. Why can’t the man leave on Thursday?

A.He will visit his uncle.

B. He will have a visitor.

C. He has to go to New York.

3. How many people were killed in the air crash?

   A. 15.       B. 64.       C. 70.

4. Where does the conversation probably take place

   A.In a cafe.     B. In a hotel.    CIn a restaurant.

5What was the weather like yesterday?

   A.Rainy.     B.Cloudy.     C. Sunny.

笫二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. What happened to the man?

 A.He lost his friend.

B.His friend mistrusted him.

C.He had a disagreement with his friend.

7. What does the woman suggest the man do?

 A.Help David pay the money back.

B.Lend David some money.

C.Have a talk with David

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A.Taxi driver and passenger.

   B. Policeman and passer-by.

   C. Hotel clerk and customer.

9. How will the woman get to Holton railway station?

A. By car.    B. By taxi.    C. By bike.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. What language is the woman learning now?

   A.Russian.      B.French.      C.Spanish.

11. What is probably the man's nationality?

   A. Japanese.      B.Chinese.      C.Russian.

12. How does the man learn the language?

A. From the native speakers.     B.On the Internet.     C. In evening classes

    听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What type of movie is it?

A.Comedy.      B.Thriller.      C. Tragedy.

14. What can we know about the man?

   A. He likes Mel Gibhson very much.

   B. He thinks the film review is interesting.

   C. Julia Roberts is one of his favorite actresses.

15. What will the speakers do next?

   A. Have dinner.    B.Watch afilm.    C. Watch TV.

16. What did the woman say about the Oscars last night?

A. They were impressive.

B.Some were surprising.

C. They were not as good as expected.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What does Richard want to open?

   A.A camera shop.     B.A movie theater.     C. A candy store.

18. What is the advantage of the place on Main Street?

A.It is centrally located.

B.It is next to the park.

C. The rent is the lowest.

19. How much is the rent of the fourth place per month?

A$400.      B$450.     C$500

20. Which location will Richard probably choose?

   A. The first place.    B.The second place.    C. The third place.

 

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)  

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中.选出最佳选项,并将答案写在题后的答题表中。 

                                     A

This is the weather Scobie loves. Lying in bed he touches his telescope lovingly, turning a wistful eye on the blank wall of rotting mud bricks which shuts off his view of the sea.

    Scobie is getting on for seventy and still afraid to die; his one fear is that he will awake one morning and find himself dead. Consequently it gives him a severe shock every morning when the water carriers shriek under his window before dawn, waking him up. For a moment, he says, he dares not open his eyes. Keeping them fast shut (for fear they might open on the heavenly host) he gropes along the cake stand beside his bed and grabs his pipe. It is always loaded from the night before and an open matchbox stands beside it. The first whiff of tobacco restores both his composure and his eyesight. He breathes deeply, grateful for reassurance. He smiles. He gloats. Then, drawing the heavy sheepskin which serves him as a bed cover up to his ears, he sings a little triumphal song to the morning.

Taking stock of himself he discovers that he has the inevitable headache. His tongue is raw from last night’s brandy. But against these trifling discomforts the prospect of another day in life weighs heavily. He pauses to slip in his false teeth. He places his wrinkled fingers to his chest and is comforted by the sound of his heart at work. He is rather proud of his heart. If you ever visit him when he is in bed he is almost sure to grasp your hand in his and ask you to feel it. Swallowing a little, you shove your hand inside his cheap night jacket to experience those sad, blunt, far away humps-like those of an unborn baby. He buttons up his pajamas with touching pride and give his imitation roar of animal health-"Bounding from my bed like a lion"-that is another of his phrases. You have not experienced the full charm of the man unless you have actually seen him, bent double with rheumatism, crawling out from between his coarse cotton sheets like a ruin. Only in the warmest months of the year do his bones thaw out sufficiently to enable him to stand erect. In the summer afternoons he walks in the park, his little head glowing like a minor sun, his jaw set in a violent expression of health.

    His tiny nautical pension is hardly enough to pay for one cockroach infested room; he ekes it out with an equally small salary from the Egyptian government, which carries with it the proud title of Bimbashi in the Police Force. Origins he has none. His past spreads over a dozen continents like a true subject of myth. And his presence is so rich with imaginary health that he needs nothing more except perhaps an occasional trip to Cairo during Ramadhan, when his office is closed and presumably all crime comes to a standstill because of the past.

 

 

21. Scobie liked to have his telescope in bed because

Ahe enjoyed looking at the passers by, even if he could see the sea.

Bhe refused touching it and looking through it at the wall.

Che refused to accept the fact that he could not see the sea.

Dhe enjoyed looking at the passers by, even if he could not see the sea.

22. Every morning Scobie

Arefused to open his eyes until he had had his first cigarette.

Baccording to himself, did not open his eyes in case he had died in the night.

Cdenied that he opened his eyes until he had had his first died in the night.

Dcould not see anything when the first noises in the street woke him.

23. Scobie’s morning discovery that he was still alive made him feel

Adelighted with his success in surviving the night.

Bdelightful because of his achievement in living.

Csatisfied with his victory over life.

Dsatisfying with his victory over death.

24. When he got out of bed, Scobie

Ajumped out like a young man, to show how healthy he was.

Bgot out slowly because he was too busy talking.

Ccould hardly get out although he suffered badly from rheumatism.

Dgot out with difficulty because his bones were stiff and painful.

 

                                      B

Dear all,

Please read Professor Hume's email about his next lecture on Rosa Parks

Susan Miller

Secretary

***************************************

Dear Susan,

Please forward this message to students of my history class

Besides the life story of Rosa Parks in the textbook, the students are also required to read the passage below and some related stories that can be borrowed from the school library

Ted Hume

The early experiences of Rosa Parks1913-2005, long known as themother of the civil rights movementwere not different from those of many African-Americans at that timeThe black woman, however, turned the course of American history in December 1955 when she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man“By sitting down, ”remarked John Lewis, “she was standing up for all Americans

Among the numerous awards Parks received in her life were the Presidential Medal of Freedom1996and the Congressional Gold Medal1999).

Parks died on Oct24, 2005At StPaul AMEChurch in Montgomery, a large crowd including Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice celebrated her lifeRice said she and others, who grew up when the political activities of Parks held public attention, might not have realized her impacton their lives, “but I can honestly say that without MrsParks, I probably would not be standing here as Secretary of State

After her casketwas placed at the Capitol, U.S. President Bush, members of Congress and ordinary Americans paid their respectsIn American history Parks is the first woman to lie in state at the Capitol, a very high regard usually reserved for Presidents of the United States

 

25What is the main purpose of Susan’s email?

ATo make arrangements for Professor Hume's class

BTo introduce to the students Rosa Parks

CTo help the students organize a lecture        

DTo answer Professor Hume's last email

26The political impact of Rosa Parks lies in the fact that she

Ahelped Condoleezza Rice achieve political success

Bjoined the civil rights movement at a young age

Cmade racial equality a common value in American society

Dset a good example in her early life for other black Americans

27How was Rosa Parks treated after her death?

AShe was named “mother of the civil rights movement

BShe was received by President Bush at the Capitol

CShe was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom

DShe was honored to lie in state at the Capitol

 

C

When people first walked across the Bering Land Bridge thousands of years ago, dogs were by their sides, according to a study published in the journal Science.

Robert Wayne of the University of California, Los Angeles, and Jennifer Leonard of the Smithsonian Institute, used DNA material—some of it unearthed by miners in Alaska—to conclude that today’s domestic dog originated in Asia and accompanied the first humans to the New World about 10,000 to 15,000 years ago. Wayne suggests that man’s best friend may have enabled the tough journey from Asia into North America. “Dogs may have been the reason people made it across the land bridge,” said Wayne. “They can pull things, carry things, defend you from fierce animals, and they’re useful to eat.”

Researchers have agreed that today’s dog is the result of the domestication(驯化) of wolves thousands of years ago. Before this recent study, a common thought about the precise origin of North America’s domestic dog was that Natives domesticated local wolves, the descendents(后代) of which now live with people in Alaska, Canada, and the Lower 48.

    Dog remains from a Fairbanks-area gold mine helped the scientists reach their conclusion. Leonard, an evolutionary biologist, collected DNA from 11 bones of ancient dogs that were locked in permafrost(永冻层) until Fairbanks miners uncovered them in the 1920s. The miners donated the preserved bones to the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, where they remained untouched for more than 70 years. After borrowing the bones from the museum, Leonard and her colleagues used radiocarbon techniques to find the age of the Alaska dogs. They found the dogs all lived between the years of 1450 and 1675 A.D., before Vitus Bering and Aleksey Chirikov who were the first known Europeans to view Alaska in 1741. The bones of dogs that wandered the Fairbanks area centuries ago should therefore be the remains of “pure native American dogs,” Leonard said. The DNA of the Fairbanks dogs would also expose whether they were the descendents of wolves from North America.

    Along with the Fairbanks samples, the researchers collected DNA from bones of 37 dog specimens(标本) from Mexico, Peru, and Bolivia that existed before the arrival of Columbus. In the case of both the Alaska dogs and the dogs from Latin America, the researchers found that they shared the most genetic material with gray wolves of Europe and Asia. This supports the idea of domestic dogs entering the New World with the first human explorers who wandered east over the land bridge.

Leonard and Wayne’s study suggests that dogs joined the first humans that made the adventure across the Bering Land Bridge to slowly populate the Americas. Wayne thinks the dogs that made the trip must have provided some excellent service to their human companions or they would not have been brought along. “Dogs must have been useful because they were expensive to keep,” Wayne said. “They didn’t feed on mice; they fed on meat, which was a very guarded resource.”

 

28. According to the study described in Paragraph 4, we can learn that ______.

A. ancient dogs entered North America between 1450 and 1675 AD

B. the 11 bones of ancient dogs are not from native American dogs

C. the bones discovered by the gold miners were from North American wolves

D. the bones studied were not from dogs brought into North America by Europeans

29. What can we know from the passage?

A. Native Americans domesticated local wolves into dogs.

    B. Scientists discovered some ancient dog remains in 1920s.

    C. Latin America’s dogs are different from North America’s in genes.

    D. Ancient dogs entered North America across the Bering Land Bridge.

30. The first humans into the New World brought dogs along with them because ______.

    A. dogs fed on mice

    B. dogs were easy to keep

    C. dogs helped protect their resources

    D. dogs could provide excellent service

31. What does the passage mainly talk about ______.

    A. the origin of the North American dogs

  B. the DNA study of ancient dogs in America

C. the reasons why early people entered America

D. the difference between Asian and American dogs

 

D

Studies of the effect that makes many of us slumber or feel sleepy during the queen’s Speech on Christmas Day have revealed that changes may be required in Britain’s drink drive legislation.

Dr James Horne, director of the Sleep Research Laboratory at Loughborough University, is investigating pose lunch sleepiness."We humans are designed to sleep twice a day, once at night and a short nap after lunch, but in this part of the world we tend to repress that."

It is a remnant of the same primeval programming that makes all animals in the bush rest in the hot afternoon sun to conserve energy.

"Hot environments make it worse and many cultures living near the equator", says Dr Horne,"have conceded to the inevitable, where the afternoon siesta is the way of life."

In this studies Dr Horne has been investigating the role of alcohol."The theory is that if you are more sleepy after lunch then it figures that alcohol will be more potent after lunch. One would figure then that a pint of beer at lunchtime has more effect than in the evening, when people are more alert. Indeed, we find that it has about twice the effect."

This has more sinister implications."If people take alcohol up to the legal driving limit, their performance is seriously impaired after lunch." He said.

It seems that alcohol interacts with the circadian rhythm of sleep to cause afternoon sleepiness, so that one pint at lunch time is equivalent, in effect, to a quart in the evening.

"For this reason, most drivers ought not to drink at all at lunchtime and the legal blood alcohol limit is no guide to safe driving here," said Dr Horne.

For those who wish to enjoy the Queen’s speech, Dr Horne recommends mild exercise, a splash of cold air or cold water on the face, or a cup of coffee. Otherwise, take a cat nap. But this should be less than 15 minutes, otherwise, sleep really sets in and one can wake up feeling very groggy and far sleepier.

 

32. It is implied that British people

A.like to take a short nap after lunch.

B.don’t take a short nap after lunch.

C.don’t feel sleepy after lunch.

D.like to sleep twice a day.

33.take a rest in the hot afternoon sun.

A.All animals in the bush

B.The remnant of the same primeval programming

C.The same primeval programming

D.All animals in the world

34. Most drivers ought not to drink at all at lunch time because

A.alcohol will be less potent after lunch.

B.a pint of beer at lunchtime is equivalent to a quart in the evening, it cause afternoon sleepiness.

C.people are more alert at lunchtime.

D.it is not legal to drink at lunchtime.

35. It can be inferred that

A. People are not allowed to drive after they drink one quarter in the evening.

B. People are still allowed to drive after they drink one quarter in the evening.

C. People are still allowed to drive after they drink one pint at lunch time.

D. None.

 

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并将答案写在题后的答题表中。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Shoppers who carefully plan their visit to the grocery store can save money on their grocery bills.36          

Shoppers should visit the grocery store on a full stomach by scheduling their trip immediately after a large meal. If that’s not possible, they should find something healthy to eat while preparing a grocery list.37         

    Although having a list and sticking to it is the most important factor in saving money, shoppers must prepare lists wisely in order to save.38           Many special buys are announced through the local newspapers, so buying the “grocery issue” is worth the investment. However, it’s important to remember that many newer, more expensive products first offered through coupons may not yield enough savings for shoppers to give up the product they usually buy.

39         Once at the store, the shopper who wants to save money should follow a few more rules. The shopper should not stay longer than necessary, because bills go up each minute the shopper is in the store. So, setting a time limit and a cost limit can hold down the bill.40            

If the grocery list is a short one, some shoppers choose to use the small hand-held basket instead of the roomy grocery cart.


AA carefully planned list should include in – season produce and any items on sale or discounted through coupons .

BOf course, the shopper should stick strictly to the shopping list and resist the temptation to buy additional items.

CPeople who are full are less tired and more likely to buy what they want.

DNow that the shopper has completed the grocery list, it’s time to leave for the store.

EYou should keep your shopping list carefully in case you can exchange it for coupons.

FMost shoppers are less persuaded to buy extra goods when they are not hungry.

GShopping when not hungry, sticking to a grocery list, and following a few simple rules will cut down the grocery bill.

 

第三部分英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中.选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并将答案写在题后的答题表中。

 

In every cultivated language there are two great classes of words which, taken together, comprise the whole vocabulary. First, there are those words 41   which we become acquainted in daily conversation, which we 42  , that is to say, from the 43  of our own family and from our familiar associates, and 44  we should know and use 45  we could not read or write. They 46   the common things of life, and are the stock in trade of all who 47   the language. Such words may be called ---popular, since they belong to the people 48  and are not the exclusive 49  of a limited class. On the other hand, our language 50  a multitude of words which are comparatively 51  used in ordinary conversation. Their meaning are known to every educated person, but there is little 52   to use them at home or in the market place. Our 53   acquaintance with them comes not from our mother’s 54  or from the talk of our schoolmates,55   from books that we read, lectures that we 56  or the more 57  conversation of high educated speakers who are discussing some particular 58  in a style appropriately elevated above the habitual 59  of everyday life. Such words are called--learned, and the 60  between them and the popular words is of great importance to a right understanding of linguistic process.

41.A.at          B.with          C.by            D.through

42.A.study       B.imitate        C.stimulate       D. learn

43.A.mates       B.relatives       C.members      D.fellows

44.A.which       B.that          C.those          D.ones

45.A.even        B.despite        C.even if        D.in spite of

46.A.mind        B.concern       C.care          D.involve

47.A.hire         B.apply         C.adopt         D.use

48.A.in public     B.at most        C.at large       D.at best

49.A.right        B.privilege       C.share         D.possession

50.A.consists     B.comprise       C.constitutes     D.composes

51.A.seldom      B.much         C.never         D.often

52.A.prospect     B.way          C.reason         D.necessity

53.A.primary     B.first           C.principle      D.prior

54.A.tips         B.mouth         C.lips          D.tongue

55.A.besides      B.and           C.or            D.but

56.A.hear of      B.attend         C.hear from      D.listen

57.A.former      B.formula        C.formal        D.formative

58.A.theme       B.topic          C.idea          D.point

59.A. Border      B.link          C.degree         D.extent

60.A. diversion    B.distinction     C.diversity       D.similarity

 

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

In the 1950s, a family that owned a farm near Beulah, Michigan kept a bull chained to an elm (榆树). The bull paced61   the tree, dragging the heavy iron chain, which led to a groove () in the bark (树皮). The groove 62  (deep) over the years. Though for whatever reason, it did not kill the tree.

63   some years, the family took their bull away. They cut the chain, leaving the loop around the tree and one link 64   (hang down).        

Then one year, agricultural catastrophe struck Michigan in 65   form of Dutch elm disease. All of the elms lining the road leading to the farm became infected 66   died. Everyone thought that the old elm would be the next. The farm owners considered 67   (do) the safe thing: pulling it out and chopping it up into firewood before it died.

68   (amazing), the tree did not die. Nobody could understand 69   it was the only elm still standing in the county. It's said that 70   doesn't kill you will make you stronger. Or, as a plant pathologists (病理学家 ) put it , "Life breaks us all, but afterwards, many of us are strongest at the broken places."

 

61._______   62._______   63._______  64._______  65._______

66._______   67._______   68._______  69._______  70._______

 

 

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

文中共有10处语言错误。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:把缺词处加一个漏字符号(  ^ ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

 

Dear Editor,

I’m writing to tell you about how we students use computers in our daily lives. Some use them in a good way when some others don’t. As far as I am concerned, more and more students now use computers help with their study. If we meet some difficulties when they are doing their homework, they always got help from the Internet. To spend their spare time, they look for more informations with the computers to have much more knowledge. At the same time, however, the great number of students are still so interested in PC games and chatted with others on the Internet that they can not force themselves to return to their study. They are really in dangerous. That is how we mainly use computers. They can either do good and harm to us.

Best wishes!

Yours truly,

Li Hua

 

 

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

 报纸和网站是当今两大主要媒体。根据下表内容以 “Newspapers and Websites” 为题,写一篇短文,介绍这两种媒体的优缺点。

 报纸: 传统媒体,天天更新,信息可靠,携带方便,随时随地可以阅读,仅有文字和图片;

网站: 新兴媒体,信息更新速度快依赖于电脑及互联网包含文字、图片、音频和视频

 注意:

  1. 短文必须包括表中所有内容,可以适当发挥;

  2. 词数:150词左右

  3. 参考词汇:更新update;音频audio;视频video